Does Canada Have a Gun Problem?
Correction: The statement at 1:30 in this video should be “… murdered by a firearm when they are just as likely to be injured by lightning.”
In this video Rod Giltaca discusses the statistical reality of the number of Canadians that are licenced to own guns, the number of gun related homicides, and the number of gun related accidental deaths in Canada and touches on how the real numbers are far fewer then often portrayed in the Canadian Media.
Number of Gun Owners:
The 2015 Commissioner of Firearms Report lists the number of individual licenced gun owners in Canada at 2,026,011 individuals. The number 2.1 million quoted in the video is a projection based on a continuation of the historical increase since the last published data at the end of 2015.
The full report can be found here. 2015 Commissioner of Firearms Report
Dr. Gary A. Mauser is a Canadian criminologist and emeritus professor in the Beedie School of Business at Simon Fraser University. He has done extensive research into gun control and firearms law in Canada. The actual number of gun owners in Canada is impossible to know, however his best estimate of the number of Canadians in peaceful possession of firearms in Canada is approximately 3 million.
Number of Homicides:
Statistics Canada tracks annual homicides by method in Canada. A summery of their data is below showing rates between 2011 and 2015:
|Homicides by method|
Homicide includes Criminal Code offences of murder, manslaughter and infanticide.
If multiple methods against one victim are used, only the leading method causing the death is counted. Thus, only one method is scored per victim.
1. Other methods include poisoning, exposure, shaken baby syndrome, deaths caused by vehicles and heart attacks.
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 253-0002 and Homicide Survey, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.
Last modified: 2016-11-23.
Environment Canada tracks lightning related injuries and deaths in Canada. Detailed statistics for the years 1986 – 2005 can be found here. https://www.ec.gc.ca/foudre-lightning/default.asp?lang=En&n=5D5FB4F8-1
Deaths and Medical Deaths:
Statistics Canada tracks annual deaths in Canada. Below is a summary of their data on total deaths between 2011 and 2016.
|Deaths, estimates, by province and territory|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||4,634||4,701||4,821||4,943||5,069|
|Prince Edward Island||1,247||1,245||1,271||1,296||1,321|
Period from July 1 to June 30.
The numbers for deaths are final up to 2012/2013, updated for 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 and preliminary for 2015/2016.
Preliminary and updated estimates of deaths were produced by Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Final data were produced by Health Statistics Division, Statistics Canada. However, the final estimates included in this table may differ from the data released by the Health Statistics Division, due to distribution of unknown province.
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 051-0004 and Catalogue no. 91-215-X.
Last modified: 2016-09-28.
The Globe and Mail published a story in June 2016 estimating the number of deaths due to preventable medical errors to be up to 24,000 per year. Other stories published in previous years estimate that number might be even higher. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/health/toronto-hospitals-embark-on-safety-initiative-to-prevent-medical-error-deaths/article30610569/